The influence of fintech is beginning to be felt in the banking sector and capital markets. This article surveys its development and its impact on efficiency, banking market structure, strategies of incumbents and entrants, and financial stability. Fintech has a welfare-enhancing disruptive capability but regulation needs to adapt so that the new technology delivers the promised benefits without endangering financial stability.
Xavier Vives is professor of Economics and Finance at IESE Business School. He holds a Ph.D. in Economics from UC Berkeley.
He is Research Fellow of CESifo, and was member of its European Economic Advisory Group from 2001 to 2011. Research Fellow of the Center for Economic Policy Research, where he served as Director of the Industrial Organization Program in 1991-1997. Fellow of the Econometric Society since 1992 and elected member of its Council in 2006-2008; of the European Economic Association since 2004 and elected member of its Council 1991-1995; and Research Associate of the European Corporate Governance Institute. He was member of the Advisory Board for Economic Recovery of the Government of Catalonia (2011-2015), and from 2011 to 2014 he was Special Advisor to the Vicepresident of the European Commission and Commissioner for Competition, Mr Joaquín Almunia. President of the Spanish Economic Association in 2008, Duisenberg Fellow of the European Central Bank in 2015, and President of EARIE for 2016-18.
From 2001 to 2005 he was Professor of Economics and Finance at INSEAD, and from 1991 to 2001, Director of the Institut d’Anàlisi Econòmica, CSIC. He has taught at Harvard University, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, the University of California at Berkeley, the University of Pennsylvania, and New York University. From 2003 until 2013, he was member of the Economic Advisory Group on Competition Policy at the European Commission.
His fields of interest are industrial organization and regulation, the economics of information, and banking and financial economics. He has published in the main international journals and is the author of Competition and Stability in Banking: the Role of Regulation and Competition Policy(Princeton University Press, 2016), Information and Learning in Markets: the Impact of Market Microstructure (Princeton University Press, 2008), Oligopoly Pricing: Old Ideas and New Tools(MIT Press, 1999), editor of Competition Policy in Europe: Fifty Years on from the Treaty of Rome(OUP, 2009), Corporate Governance: Theoretical and Empirical Perspectives (CUP, 2000), and co-editor of Capital Markets and Financial Intermediation (CUP, 1993). He has been editor of the International Journal of Industrial Organization in 1993-1997, of the Journal of the European Economic Association in 1998-2008 and currently he is editor of the Journal of Economic Theory and co-editor of the Journal of Economics and Management Strategy.
He has received several research awards: King Juan Carlos I Prize in 1988; the Catalan Society for Economics Prize in 1996; the Narcís Monturiol Medal in 2002; the Catalonia Economics Prize in 2005; an European Research Council Advanced Grant in 2008, and the Jaime I Prize in Economics in 2013. He is member of the Institut d’Estudis Catalans since 2011 and of the Academia Europaea since 2012.
Dr. Vives has been an advisor and consultant on competition, regulation, and corporate governance issues for the World Bank, the Inter-American Development Bank, the European Commission, the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, as well as for major international corporations. He is a columnist for La Vanguardia and occasionally for El País, Project Syndicate, Vox, Financial Times and The Wall Street Journal.